Bigmouth Bass, or Bigmouth Bass, or Broadmouth Bass – one of the species of perch belonging to the genus of Black Bass. It is appreciated by fishermen all over the world for its lively character and active behavior when playing. The natural habitat of the Bigmouth Bass is North America, however, due to the great popularity of fish as an object of recreational fishing, the Bigmouth Bass was launched into many water bodies around the world and today it is found in Southern Europe (Spain, Italy), Japan, South Africa, New Zealand and others countries.
Description: The body of Bigmouth Bass is olive green with dark spots that form an often jagged horizontal stripe along the lateral line on both sides of the body. A distinctive feature of the Bigmouth Perch is its large mouth, the angle of which extends beyond the edge of the eye, while the lower jaw is longer than the upper one.
Size: Bigmouth Bass is the largest species of the Black Perch genus, reaching a maximum total length of 75 cm and a weight of over 11 kg. However, the catches are dominated by individuals weighing from 0.4 to 1.8 kg. A 5 lb (2. 265 kg) bass is considered very large.
Habitat: Bigmouth Bass inhabits mainly lakes, ponds, reservoirs, medium and large plain rivers. The high level of adaptability allows Bass to also survive in water ditches, shallow streams, swamps and canals.
Bigmouth Bass is a heat-loving fish. The ideal water temperature for Bass is between 18 and 29 degrees Celsius, but he can live in much colder water. The quality of the water is not decisive for Bass – individuals with the same frequency are found in both turbid and clear water.
The Bigmouth Bass prefers to stay in areas with abundant aquatic vegetation without a current or with a weak current. The favorite habitats of the Bigmouth Bass are various kinds of shelters, such as water lily leaves, windows among aquatic vegetation, various snags, flooded trees and stumps, pitfalls and ridges, from where, as if from an ambush, he makes throws after small fish or insects swimming by.
Largemouth Perch mainly lives in shallow places (from 0.5 to 2 meters). But if there are not enough places for shelter in the reservoir, the Bass keeps at great depths in areas with uneven bottom, pits and edges.
Lifestyle and habits: The Bigmouth Bass in its way of life resembles our small pike and is mainly a resident fish, preferring to stay in the chosen range for a long period of time. Migrations mainly occur with changing weather conditions and are seasonal in nature. In early spring, the Bigmouth Bass leaves winter camps in deep places and moves to shallow waters near spawning grounds. Bass individuals stay here throughout the entire spawning period, sometimes sliding down to the nearest depths during a sharp cold snap. After the end of spawning, most Bass fish remain in the same shallow areas until the water temperature reaches 21-23 degrees Celsius.
After that, Bass moves to deeper summer camps, making forays into nearby shallow waters in the morning and evening, as well as at night. In autumn, Bass returns to shallow “spring” areas, and with the onset of prolonged cold weather moves back to deep winter camps. Food: Bigmouth Perch is a wide-profile predator. His diet includes small fish, snails, crayfish, insects, shrimps, amphipods, frogs, snakes, salamanders, small waterfowl, rodents and even baby alligators.
Sport Fishing: Bigmouth Bass is one of the most popular sport fish in the world and probably the most popular fish in the United States. The annual Bassmaster Classic bass fishing competition in America is only comparable in popularity to the Super Cup. They are visited by thousands of viewers, and millions watch the battle of the best 100 fishermen in the United States on the air. The prize for first place was $ 300,000 in 2014.
Anglers most often catch Bigmouth Perch with spinning tackle and artificial lures. Basically, these are silicone baits: vibro-tails, twisters, worms, little-known octopuses . A very popular lure among American anglers, created specifically for catching Bass, which is called Bass Jig
It is incredibly interesting to catch Bigmouth Bass with surface lures such as poppers and crawlers, as well as surface artificial frogs. When fishing with a float, use animal baits such as worms, small fish, frogs and crayfish. Distribution in the USA: The original area of the Bigmouth Bass at the beginning of the last century was limited to the East of the USA, but today it is ubiquitous throughout the country. At the same time, the largest populations of Bigmouth Bass live in the water bodies of the Southeast of the United States. Bigmouth Bass is a State Fish in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee and Mississippi.